At the bottom of this page you will find a video. Please click on the video below to hear the 'pure' sounds for blending. These are the correct way to pronounce the sounds taught in school. You can also view the correct actions to match each sound.
Welcome to our Phonics information page.
This page is for your reference and will enable you to support your child's learning at home.
Below you will find links to relevant websites and resources.
At the bottom of the page are useful downloads including a Phonics Glossary to help you understand the terminology.
Thanks for visiting!
What is Phonics?
Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught in helping them to read and write. It runs alongside other teaching such as Guided Reading and English lessons, and discrete Grammar and Spelling sessions to ensure the skills are transfered in to all areas of learning.
Children are taught all the sounds of the English language. There are 42 main letter sounds, this includes alphabet sounds as well as digraphs. The children learn the phoneme and grapheme for each. At this stage the children also learn how to form and write the each one.
The 42 letter sounds are taught in a particular order, known as phases (not alphabetically), enabling children to begin building words as early as possible. There are 6 phases in the Letters and Sounds programme which is the Department for Education’s phonics resource published in 2007.
Children are then taught how to blend the sounds together to read and segment words in order to spell.
Some words have irregular spellings and are referred to as tricky words. The children learn these separately.
Phonics at St Luke's
At St Luke's Phonics is taught for 20 minutes each day throughout EYFS and Key Stage 1 and into the start of Key Stage 2. The programme is built on through school enabling the teaching of essential spelling, grammar and punctuation skills (SPAG).
Children are grouped across EYFS and Key Stage 1 according the Phase they are working at. Please note that due to Covid Phonics lessons are currently being taught separately in each class/bubble. Groups within each class will formed where possible.
At St Lukes we use the Phonics scheme of Letters and Sounds. Letters and Sounds is a recognised and accrediated scheme which is approved by the DFE. The children can also learn actions and songs from Jolly Phonics to allow a multisensory approach to learning . The sessions are made up of games, songs and activities related to the specific phase the children are working on.
When the children are learning the new sounds in Phonics lessons, these are split and taught in phases.
Phase 1 of Letters and Sounds concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills.
In Phase 2, letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time. A set of letters is taught each week, in the following sequence:
Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
As soon as each set of letters is introduced, children will be encouraged to use their knowledge of the letter sounds to blend and sound out words. For example, they will learn to blend the sounds s-a-t to make the word sat. They will also start learning to segment words. For example, they might be asked to find the letter sounds that make the word tap from a small selection of magnetic letters.
By the time they reach Phase 3, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.
In this phase, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced (one at a time).
Set 6: j, v, w, x
Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and to help them learn to read and spell words which have adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and milk.
In Phase 5, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes.
Alternative spellings for phonemes, for example they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.
Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.
At this stage children should be able to spell words phonemically although not always correctly. In Phase 6 the main aim is for children to become more fluent readers and more accurate spellers, including using prefixes and suffixes.
Supporting your child's learning at home
Below you will find links to websites and some videos which will help your child practise their phonics at home: